The total number of inhabitants living in the EU-28 is growing at a relatively slow pace compared with current developments in many other parts of the world. In 1983, the EU-28’s share of global population fell below one tenth (9.9%) and this downward pattern continued through to 2017, when the EU-28 accounted for 6.8% of the world’s population. EU-28 population numbers are projected to grow, albeit slowly, up until the year 2045 (529.1 million inhabitants), after which they will fall back to 518.8 million by 2080. These projected developments, coupled with faster population growth in the rest of the world, means that less than 1 in 20 people in the world — 4.8% — will be living in the EU-28 by 2080.
Between 1 January 2007 and 2017, the EU-28’s population rose by 13.2 million (or 2.7 %). During this period, the total number of inhabitants grew in Luxembourg by almost one quarter (24.0 %); at the other end of the range, there was a 12.4 % reduction in the number of inhabitants in Lithuania. The situation in Germany and Italy was of particular interest insofar as they both recorded a natural decrease in population numbers (more deaths than births), but this was more than offset by an increase in net migration and statistical adjustments, such that their overall populations continued to rise.