MAPSTATS

Media pluralism and democracy in EU countries

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Share of people saying that media in their country doesn’t provide a diversity of views and opinions (%) – 2016

– Two-thirds of respondents agree that their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions –

The majority of respondents (66%) agree their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions. Just under one third (31%) say it does not, while 2% of respondents say they do not know.

In 27 Member States, the majority of respondents agree their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions, with respondents in Finland (85%), the Netherlands (84%) and Denmark (82%) the most likely to agree. The exception is Greece, where 48% agree.

Greece is the only country where a majority of respondents say their national media do not provide a diversity of views and opinions (52%), although 41% in France and Spain think the same way. This compares to 14% of respondents in Finland and 15% in the Netherlands and Portugal.


A review of the socio-demographic analysis shows:

§ Respondents aged 55 or over are more likely to agree their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions, compared to those aged between 25 and 39 years (69% vs. 63%).

§ Retired people are the most likely to agree their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions (70%), while unemployed people are the least likely to do so (62%). Overall, all sociodemographic categories agree that their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions.

§ Respondents who think their national media provide trustworthy information are more likely to agree that their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions, compared to those who think their national media are not trustworthy (87% vs. 44%).

§ Respondents who think their national public media are free from political pressure are more likely to agree that their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions, compared to those who do not think public media are free from political pressure (88% vs. 55%).

– Almost three in four respondents say national media are providing the same or more diversity of views and opinions, compared to five years ago –

The majority of respondents think their national media provide a diversity of views and opinions, and more than four in ten (44%) say the level of diversity is the same as it was five years ago. Almost three in ten respondents (29%) think their national media are providing more diversity of views and opinions now, while 18% say they are providing less diversity. No more than one in twenty says they do not know (5%), or that it depends (4%).

– A minority of respondents say their national media provide information free from political or commercial pressure –

source: Eurobarometer 452

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