MAPSTATS

How much is spent on defence in Europe?

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In 2016, the EU’s 28 Member States earmarked €200 billion of public expenditure for ‘defence’.

This is equivalent to 1.3% of GDP.

This is much less than the amount spent on social protection (expenditure equivalent to 19.1% of GDP in 2016), health (7.1%) or education (4.7%), but higher than public spending on recreation, culture and religion (1.0%), environmental protection (0.7%) and housing and community amenities (0.6%).


Highest share of expenditure on defence in Estonia, lowest in Ireland

In 2016, the ratio of government defence expenditure to GDP varied across EU Member States from 0.3% in Ireland, 0.4% in Luxembourg, 0.6% in Malta and Austria, to 2.4% in Estonia, 2.1% in Greece, 2.0% in the United Kingdom and 1.8% in France.

In absolute terms, the United Kingdom spent the most on defence (€47 bn in 2016). This is equivalent to almost a quarter (24%) of the total EU public expenditure on defence. It was followed by France (€41 bn, or 20% of the EU total), Germany (€33 bn, or 16%) and Italy (€22 bn, or 11%). Together, these four Member States accounted for 71% of the total defence expenditure in the EU.

 

Estonia510.82.4
Greece3,706.02.1
UK47,254.42.0
France40,661.01.8
Latvia410.61.6
Lithuania602.81.6
Poland6,808.01.6
Norway5,261.41.6
Cyprus275.21.5
EU28199,391.41.3
Italy21,551.01.3
Finland2,822.01.3
Croatia567.91.2
Netherlands8,253.01.2
Sweden5,488.91.2
Bulgaria524.31.1
Denmark3,151.41.1
Germany 32,607.01.0
Spain10,904.01.0
Slovakia803.21.0
Portugal1,752.30.9
Romania1,518.60.9
Slovenia361.40.9
Belgium3,462.70.8
Switzerland4,919.90.8
Czech Republic1,279.90.7
Hungary807.00.7
Malta60.80.6
Austria2,173.00.6
Luxembourg222.50.4
Ireland851.60.3
Iceland11.50.1

 

 

source: Eurostat

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