Prevalence of bullying and sexual harassment at work in EU countries
Workers subjected to bullying and sexual harassment during the course of work over the last 12 months (%)
Harassment occurs when one or more workers or managers are repeatedly and deliberately abused, threatened and/or humiliated in circumstances relating to work.
[ Framework Agreement on Harassment and Violence at Work ]
Bullying at work means harassing, offending, or socially excluding someone or negatively affecting someone’s work. In order for the label ‘bullying’ to be applied to a particular activity, interaction, or process, the bullying behaviour has to occur repeatedly and regularly (e.g. weekly) and over a period of time (e.g. about six months). Bullying is an escalating process in the course of which the person confronted ends up in an inferior position and becomes the target of systematic negative social acts. A conflict cannot be called bullying if the incident is n isolated event or if two parties of approximately equal strength are in conflict.
[ Research: Einarsen et. al. (2011) ]