MAPSTATS

Equality compared to 30 years ago in the EU

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Number of “Total agree” answers to the question:

Compared with 30 years ago, opportunities for getting ahead in life have become more equal in your country?

Opinions vary widely across Member States. In 20 countries respondents are most likely to agree, and there are 11 countries where the majority agree opportunities for getting ahead have become more equal in their country compared with 30 years ago. Respondents in Ireland (74%), Finland (72%) and Malta (70%) are the most likely to agree, compared to 21% in Greece, 22% in France and 24% in Croatia.

At least on in five respondents in Finland, Denmark (both 24%), Sweden, Austria (both 22%) and Ireland (20%) strongly agree.

France (57%) and Greece (55%) are the only countries where the majority disagree. In addition, one in five respondents in Greece (20%), as well as 17% in France and Croatia strongly disagree. In 12 countries at least one in five respondents neither agree nor disagree, with the highest proportions seen amongst those in Slovakia (30%), the Czech Republic (28%) and Italy (26%). It is worth noting one in five respondents in Luxembourg say they do not know.

The socio-demographic analysis shows no notable differences based on gender or age. It does illustrate:

§ Respondents who completed education aged 20 or over are the most likely to agree (49%), particularly to those who completed education prior to age 15. In more detail, those who did not complete primary school (33%) are much less likely to agree than those who at least completed primary schooling (43%-52%).

§ Managers (54%), students (53%) and other white collar workers (52%) are the most likely to agree, particularly compared to the unemployed (35%).

§ The fewer difficulties a respondent experiences paying bills, the more likely they are to agree: 51% with the least difficulties do so, compared to 29% with the most difficulties.

§ Respondents who say they live in rich neighbourhoods (53%) are more likely to agree than those in average (46%) or poor neighbourhoods (39%).

 


Almost half of respondents agree that opportunities for getting ahead in life have become more equal in their country compared with 30 years ago.

More than four in ten (46%) respondents agree that compared with 30 years ago, opportunities for getting ahead in life have become more equal in their country12, 11% of which strongly agree.

Almost three in ten (29%) disagree, with 7% strongly disagreeing. Almost one in five (19%) neither agree nor disagree.

Just over one in twenty (6%) say they do not know.

source: Eurobarometer 2018

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