Amsterdam wastewater has highest concentration of ecstasy (MDMA) in Europe
According to a wastewater analysis conducted by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), of all the European cities, Amsterdam has the highest concentration of ecstasy residue in its sewage water.
EMCDDA wastewater analysis
In their analysis, the EMCDDA tested the wastewater in 56 cities belonging to 19 European countries. A standard protocol was used in the research, which makes it possible to compare the results across the countries analysed.
The sewage water was tested for drug traces of methamphetamines, amphetamines, MDMA and cocaine. Such tests allow one to quantify the consumption of drugs in the population because traces are excreted through urine.
The EMCDDA has regularly been carrying out research testing the amount of drug residue in wastewater, the first analysis of which was executed in 2011. Since the first analysis, the EMCDDA has conducted seven analyses, the last of which being in 2017.
[via IamExpat – source: EMCDDA]